Setting the right Bluetooth codec can help you get more out of your earphones
You can change the Bluetooth codec in Android through Developer option
Newer versions of Android support a wide range of Bluetooth codecs
LDAC and aptX HD are the best codecs for sound quality
Back when Bluetooth audio was still new, there was a significant difference in sound quality between a pair of wireless headphones and wired headphones. Those differences have since reduced, as have the prices of good wireless audio products. Today, it's possible to buy a decent pair of Bluetooth headphones for less than Rs. 5,000, and get good audio performance straight out of the box.
However, there's a small, quick, simple, and free trick that can help you get a little bit more out of your wireless headphones and earphones when using it with an Android smartphone — tweak the Bluetooth codec. Follow the steps below to find out how you can improve Bluetooth audio on your Android smartphone for free.
What is a Bluetooth codec?
Before we get into the steps, let's explain the concept of Bluetooth codecs in brief. Bluetooth relies on a specific program or ‘code' which compresses data from the source device to quickly and seamlessly transmit wirelessly, and then decompresses the data on the headset or speaker. Different codecs function differently, with some of the newer and more advanced codecs able to transfer more data packets efficiently.
The most commonly used Bluetooth codec is SBC (Sub Band Codec), which is considered the universal standard and is present on practically every Bluetooth device around today. However, there are newer and more advanced codecs, including AAC (Advanced Audio Coding), Qualcomm aptX, and Sony LDAC.
Many Android smartphones allow you to tweak the codec in use, with the feature supported on from Android Oreo onwards. The operating system usually chooses the SBC codec by default, but in some cases, you may be able to change to a better codec if available. When using a Qualcomm chipset-powered smartphone with a pair of headphones that support the aptX or aptX HD codecs, for example, the smartphone will automatically select the better codec.
At other times, switching the codec is a manual process. Remember, the headphones or speaker will also need to support the codec in order for this to work. Fortunately it's an easy process that works on Android 8.0 Oreo and later versions.
What codec should I choose?
This depends on which codecs are supported by your Bluetooth headphones, and this is something you should look into before you buy a new pair of wireless headphones. Support for high-quality codecs such as Qualcomm aptX and Sony LDAC is ideal, but is usually limited to high-end headphones and earphones.
Many affordable headphones support the AAC codec apart from SBC. In these cases, manually switching to AAC could improve audio quality on your headphones, since AAC is a more advanced codec than SBC. For high-end headphones, switching to Qualcomm aptX or Sony LDAC will considerably improve sound quality. While aptX will automatically activate on many Android smartphones, LDAC will have to be manually activated in most cases.
How to change the Bluetooth codec on your Android smartphone
Here's how to change the Bluetooth codec being used by your Android smartphone and improve the resultant audio quality:
Activate Developer options on your smartphone if not already done. Do this by going into your Android smartphone's Settings > About Phone/ About Device > tap on the build number of the phone quickly seven times. This will enable Developer options on the smartphone, giving you access to more tweaks and settings for the device. The Developer options can be found in the Settings menu once activated.
Pair your Bluetooth headphones and connect them to the Android smartphone.
In the Developer options under Settings, scroll down to the Bluetooth audio codec and tap it.
Select one of the codecs apart from the default SBC option. If your headphones support the codec, it will use the selected option and improve the sound quality.
Which are the best budget Bluetooth earphones and headphones in India? We discussed this on Orbital, our weekly technology podcast, which you can subscribe to via Apple Podcasts or RSS, download the episode, or just hit the play button below.
Ali Pardiwala writes about audio and video devices for Gadgets 360 out of Mumbai, and has covered the industry for a decade now. Ali is a Senior Reviewer for Gadgets 360, where he has regularly written about televisions, home entertainment, and mobile gaming as well. He is a firm believer in 4K and HDR on televisions, and believes that true wireless earphones are the future of the personal audio industry. Ali is available on Twitter as @AliusPardius and on email at firstname.lastname@example.org, so do send in