UN Development Body UNCTAD Believes Banks Should Be Banned From Holding Crypto

Cryptocurrencies becoming a widespread means of payment could jeopardise the monetary sovereignty of countries, claims UNCTAD.

UN Development Body UNCTAD Believes Banks Should Be Banned From Holding Crypto

Photo Credit: Pexels/ Alesia Kozik

As of November 2021, 41 developing nations have prohibited banks from dealing in crypto

Highlights
  • Crypto poses risks to tax collection in developing countries, says UNCTAD
  • The agency advised imposing higher taxes on crypto transactions
  • UNCTAD data shows crypto is particularly popular in Russia

The United Nation's development arm, UNCTAD, believes that banks should be banned from holding crypto while suggesting that developing countries should implement extensive restrictions on the usage of cryptocurrencies, given the risks they pose to tax collection. The UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), in a series of reports published on Thursday, warns that the rising use of crypto for domestic payments and by migrant workers sending funds back home poses a challenge to states' authority in monetary matters, which may lead to "leakage" of development funds.

The agency suggests a volley of regulatory curbs that we've already seen a number of countries take, although not all at once. These include imposing higher taxes on crypto transactions, requiring exchanges and wallets to register with regulators, and curbing or forbidding crypto ads.

"The benefits that cryptocurrencies may bring to some individuals and financial institutions are overshadowed by the risks and costs they entail, particularly in developing countries," UNCTAD said, citing risks such as tax evasion and losses from price swings that might need to be bailed out by central banks.

As highlighted by a CoinDesk report, the document advises countries to "ban regulated financial institutions from holding stablecoins and cryptocurrencies or offering related products to clients."

By virtue, stablecoins are essentially cryptocurrencies that aim to maintain their value with respect to an established fiat currency such as the US dollar – but as seen in the recent collapse of terraUSD, they don't always manage to do so.

Figures cited by UNCTAD show crypto is particularly popular in Russia, Ukraine and Venezuela — three countries affected by sanctions, war and hyperinflation. As of November 2021, 41 developing countries had either prohibited banks from dealing in crypto or prevented exchanges from offering crypto to retail investors, and nine have banned crypto outright, the report said.


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Shomik Sen Bhattacharjee
Shomik is a senior sub-editor at Gadgets 360. As someone who's screened the consumer tech space for the past four years, he's now shifted focus to the crypto-verse. When not converting currency values in his head, you may find him in an intense five-a-side football match or grinding out the newest Destiny 2 weekly challenge on his Xbox. You can reach him for tips or queries at ShomikB@ndtv.com. More
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