Bitcoin's been known to freak out when Elon Musk tweets a broken-heart emoji. So why isn't it flying off the handle as we seem to stand on the precipice of World War 3?
That could be down to the new HODLers, in part.
Young retail investors betting on Bitcoin as a long-term proposition rather than for quick gains are swelling the ranks of these true believers, whose name emerged years ago from a trader misspelling "hold" on an online forum.
This trend could help stabilise the notoriously volatile crypto market and potentially provide a long-term floor, according to some market watchers who point to the fact Bitcoin is up about 5 percent versus before the Russian invasion.
A study by multi-asset retail investment platform eToro, which says it has millions of users, found that those aged 18 to 34 were far more likely to invest in crypto than anyone else, with 66 percent of that age bracket owning Bitcoin and other digital currencies. That's up from 46 percent last July.
Perhaps more tellingly, more than a third of those invested in crypto said they believed in its long-term value as "a transformative asset class".
Callie Cox, eToro US investment analyst, described these people as "HODLers in a nutshell".
"People who believe in the technology, they're going to be less likely to sell when scary headlines cross the tape," she said, adding that she expected to see more retail investors buying future dips in crypto prices.
While the eToro poll of 8,000 investors only provides a snapshot, the findings chime with other platforms. Crypto exchange Currency.com says 31 percent of its clients are aged between 23 and 30 years, and 20 percent between 18 and 20, for example, while another exchange Busha says its average trader is aged between 18 and 40.
Larissa Bundziak typifies the young HODLer.
"I don't think crypto is a get-rich-quick kind of thing. That's not the whole story," said the 28-year-old Ukrainian public relations professional who is based in the United States.
She saw her Bitcoin investment crash from $19,000 (roughly Rs. 14,62,000) in late 2017 to near $3,000 (roughly Rs. 2,30,900) by January 2019, but said she "kept putting money in, and then all of a sudden, it was going to $60,000 (roughly Rs. 46,16,800)". She plans to keep increasing her holdings.
"It's about being able to send it as and when I want to, to my family in Ukraine or wherever I want to in the world, and not have my money made by a bank or a third party where I don't know what's going on with it," she said.
Expect the unexpected
Any doubts that the retail trader can be a powerful and contrarian force in financial markets were dispelled last year when hordes of small investors drove "meme stocks" such as GameStop to dizzying heights.
For Bitcoin, a growing cohort of retail investors digging for the long haul could compound the stabilising effect of long-term investors also doubling down on its stashes of the cryptocurrency.
As Russian troops advanced into Ukraine on Feb. 24, Bitcoin initially dropped 14 percent to around $34,000 (roughly Rs. 26,16,200). It has however risen 15 percent since.
This seems relatively gentle for an asset prone to wild and unpredictable swings over the years. But be warned: If Bitcoin has taught us anything, it is to expect the unexpected.
Musk seems to have particular power; Bitcoin dropped 35 percent in the month of May last year after he said Tesla would no longer accept the cryptocurrency for car purchases; it fell anew in June after he posted "#Bitcoin", a broken-heart emoji and a picture of a couple discussing a breakup.
Profile of a crypto trader
Another demographic trend of the crypto market is also becoming clear: Traders skew male.
The eToro survey showed 38 percent of male investors own crypto, for example, versus just 19% of female investors.
A survey by US brokerage Robinhood found that 41 percent of women investors said they never have and never would invest in crypto, versus 24 percent of male investors.
"The gender investing competence gap is a real thing and it remains even through there was a lot of interest and retail involvement in the crypto market last year," said Christine Wood, chief operating officer of Robinhood's crypto business.
There could be varied reasons for the male skew, say market players.
"Crypto is at the intersection of finance and technology, which are in themselves male-dominated industries," said Ophelia Snyder, co-founder of Swiss-based provider of crypto products 21Shares & Amun Tokens.
© Thomson Reuters 2022
Interested in cryptocurrency? We discuss all things crypto with WazirX CEO Nischal Shetty and WeekendInvesting founder Alok Jain on Orbital, the Gadgets 360 podcast. Orbital is available on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, Spotify, Amazon Music and wherever you get your podcasts.